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新能源材料与器件导论=IntroductiontoNewEnergyMaterialsandDevices:英文

新能源材料与器件导论=IntroductiontoNewEnergyMaterialsandDevices:英文

  • 作者
  • 吴宇平、朱玉松、(南非)特尼斯·范·雷编著

以太阳能、风能、潮汐能、生物质能和核能等为代表的可再生能源和与其配套的电化学储能系统组成的现代能源体系,正逐步取代传统化石能源。世界各国正全面布局,争取占领该领域的技术制高点。新能源材料与器件是实现新能源转化和利用,以及新能源技术规模化应用的关键,是发展新能源汽车、可再生能源、智能电网、新材料、节能环保、高端装备制造等战略性新兴产业的重要支撑,更成为各国加大...


  • ¥198.00

ISBN: 978-7-122-37184-3

版次: 1

出版时间: 2020-10-01

图书介绍

ISBN:978-7-122-37184-3

语种:英文

开本:16

出版时间:2020-10-01

装帧:精

页数:321

作者简介

吴宇平,南京工业大学能源科学与工程学院院长,教授,博导。国家自然科学基金“杰出青年基金”获得者(2015),第十三批中组部“国家千人计划”创业人才项目入选者(2016),江苏省“双创计划”人才(2017),连续三年(2015-2017)入选全球高被引学者名单,入选全球具影响力的科研菁英名单(2015)。主要研究方向为新型储能体系及其关键材料的研究和开发。目前主持完成国家自然科学基金项目4项、科技部国际合作项目1项,参加完成国家科技部“973”项目1项。目前主持国家杰出青年基金1项、国家自然科学基金委-广东省联合重点项目1项,并参与了国家重点研发计划“基于材料基因组技术的全固态锂电池及其关键材料研发”项目。已在国际专业学术期刊如Chem.Soc.Rev.,Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.、Prog.Mater.Sci.、EnergyEnviron.Sci.、Adv.Mater.、Adv.EnergyMater.、NanoLett.发表学术论文300余篇,37篇被列入ESI本领域高引用文章,被SCI核心期刊引用超过1万余次,H-指数58;授权发明专利35项;编写了有关能源储存系统与材料的中英文著作6部,全球销量超过5万册;多次受邀到国外访问和/或作邀请报告和演讲;多次参加美国、澳大利亚、韩国、南非等国家的博士论文和科研项目进行评审;并兼任多个国际会议的国际顾问。

精彩书摘

以太阳能、风能、潮汐能、生物质能和核能等为代表的可再生能源和与其配套的电化学储能系统组成的现代能源体系,正逐步取代传统化石能源。世界各国正全面布局,争取占领该领域的技术制高点。新能源材料与器件是实现新能源转化和利用,以及新能源技术规模化应用的关键,是发展新能源汽车、可再生能源、智能电网、新材料、节能环保、高端装备制造等战略性新兴产业的重要支撑,更成为各国加大技术投入的重点。 《IntroductiontoNewEnergyMaterialsandDevices》一书,全面系统地介绍太阳能、氢能、生物质能、核能、动力电池、储能和燃料电池等研究的基础知识和最新进展。以储能和换能为顺序,先系统介绍了目前电化学储能系统,如锂离子电池、其他新型电池和超级电容器的工作机理、发展历史和最新进展;接着介绍了常见的换能系统如燃料电池、太阳能电池、太阳能制氢的研究现状和未来趋势;最后简单介绍了生物质能、核能和其他新能源的发展展望。本书深入浅出,每一章均从基础知识讲起,内容涉及材料、物理、化学、电子、机械等多学科,知识体系涉及固体物理、电化学、材料科学与基础、半导体物理与器件、薄膜技术与材料等。接着从基础讲到应用,探讨对应储能换能器件的组装、存在的问题和发展方向。该书既避免枯燥的机理介绍,又能使读者在对储能换能器件的深入了解中加深对机理的了解。 本书采用全英文编写,是新能源、电池材料、储能等领域科研与管理人员的参考书,也是高等院校新能源材料与器件,应用化学,能源化学、化工、材料及相关专业的本科生、研究生的双语教材或参考书,同时也对我国加强对外开放、培养“一带一路”的在华专业留学生具有良好的参考价值,也适合于相关的科研与管理工作者入门参考之一。

目录

Chapter1Introduction	001
1.1Briefintroductiontoworldenergyconsumption	001
1.2Historyofvariousnewenergymaterialsanddevices	006
1.2.1Batteries	006
1.2.2Supercapacitors	008
1.2.3Fuelcells	009
1.2.4Solarcells	010
1.2.5Biomassenergy	012
1.2.6Nuclearenergy	012
1.3Principlesofvariousnewenergymaterialsanddevices	013
1.3.1Principlesofmetal-ionsecondarybatteries	013
1.3.2Principlesofothersecondarybatteries	014
1.3.3Principlesoffuelcells	015
1.3.4Principlesofsupercapacitors	017
1.3.5Principlesofsolarcells	017
1.3.6Principlesofsolar-to-hydrogen	018
1.3.7Principlesofbiomassenergy	019
1.3.8Principlesofnuclearenergy	019
1.4Somerequirementsforvariousnewenergymaterialsanddevices	020
1.4.1Requirementsforlithiumsecondarybatteries	020
1.4.2Requirementsofothersecondarybatteries	020
1.4.3Requirementsoffuelcells	022
1.4.4Requirementsofsupercapacitors	023
1.4.5Requirementsofsolarcells	023
1.4.6Requirementsofsolar-to-hydrogenconversion	023
1.4.7Requirementsofbiomassenergy	024
1.4.8Requirementsofnuclearenergy	024
1.5Aboutthisbook	024
References	025

Chapter2Lithiumsecondarybatteries	028
2.1PositiveelectrodematerialsforLIBs	029
2.1.1LiCoO2-basedpositiveelectrodematerials	030
2.1.2LiNiO2-basedpositiveelectrodematerials	031
2.1.3LiMn2O4-basedpositiveelectrodematerials	032
2.1.4LiFePO4-basedpositiveelectrodematerials	034
2.1.5LiNi1-x-yCoxMnyO2(NCM)positiveelectrodematerials	034
2.2NegativeelectrodematerialsforLIBs	036
2.2.1Graphite	036
2.2.2Si-basedmaterials	038
2.2.3Titaniumoxides	038
2.3ElectrolytesforLIBs	039
2.3.1Liquidelectrolytes	040
2.3.2Solidelectrolytes	043
2.4SeparatorsforLIBs	045
2.4.1Thefunctionsandcharacteristicsoftheseparator	045
2.4.2Separatortypes	046
2.4.3Separatorpreparationmethods	047
2.5Aqueousrechargeablelithiumbatteries	049
2.5.1Firstgenerationaqueousrechargeablelithiumbatteries	050
2.5.2Secondgenerationaqueousrechargeablelithiumbatteries	051
2.5.3Thirdgenerationaqueousrechargeablelithiumbatteries	052
2.5.4Side-reactionswithH2OandO2inanelectrolyte	053
2.5.5Water-in-saltaqueousrechargeablelithiumbatteries	054
2.6Li-sulfurbatteries	054
2.6.1PrinciplesofLi-sulfurbatteries	055
2.6.2Sulfurpositiveelectrodes	056
2.6.3ElectrolytesforLi-sulfurbatteries	056
2.7Li-airbatteries	057
2.7.1Water-basedlithium-airbatteries	059
2.7.2Organiclithium-airbatteries	059
2.7.3Water-organictwo-liquidsystemlithium-airbatteries	059
2.7.4Solid-statelithium-airbatteries	060
2.7.5Ionicliquidsystemlithium-airbatteries	060
References	060

Chapter3Othersecondarybatteries	065
3.1Redoxflowbatteries	065
3.1.1Polysulfidebromidebattery(PSB)	068
3.1.2ZNBRbattery	068
3.1.3Vanadiumredoxflowbattery(VFB)	069
3.2Na-Sbattery	070
3.2.1Principleofoperation	070
3.2.2TheconfigurationoftheNASbattery	072
3.2.3NASbatteryfeatures	073
3.2.4Compositionandcrystallinestructureofb-alumina	074
3.2.5ChallengesofNASbatteries	075
3.3Othermetal-airbatteries	075
References	079

Chapter4Fuelcells	082
4.1Introduction	082
4.1.1Somehistory	082
4.1.2Ordinaryfuelcells	083
4.1.3Advantagesanddisadvantagesoffuelcells	084
4.1.4Typesoffuelcells	087
4.2Fuelcellthermodynamics	095
4.2.1Howabasicfuelcellworks	095
4.2.2Fuelcellperformance	095
4.2.3Fuelcellinternalenergy	097
4.2.4Firstlawofthermodynamics	097
4.2.5Thesecondlawofthermodynamics	098
4.2.6Whatarethermodynamicpotentialandenthalpy	098
4.2.7Thecalculationofreactionenthalpy	100
4.2.8TheGibbsfreeenergy	100
4.2.9Factorsinfluencingreversiblevoltageandcalculation	101
4.2.10Idealfuelcellefficiencyandactualfuelcellefficiency	103
4.3Fuelcellreactionkinetics	104
4.3.1Currentbasicphysicalquantitycalculation	104
4.3.2Calculationofreactionrate	105
4.3.3Tiffierequation	105
4.3.4Responsivechargetransfer	106
4.3.5Chargetransfercancausevoltageloss	107
4.3.6Thephysicalsignificanceofconductivity	108
4.4Fuelcellsystems	108
4.4.1Generaldescriptionoffuelcellsystems	108
4.4.2Fuelcellstack	109
4.4.3Fueltransferprocessingsubsystem	110
4.4.4Powertransmissionsubsystem	111
4.4.5Fuelcelldesignlevelstheunitcell,thestack,andthesystem	112
4.5Fuelcellbasedpowersystems	115
4.5.1Hybridfuelcellpowersystem	115
4.5.2Standalonefuelcellpowersystem	116
4.5.3Gridconnectedfuelcellpowersystems	116
4.6Applicationsoffuelcells	117
4.6.1Fuelcellvehicles	117
4.6.2Telecommunications	118
4.6.3Underwatervehicles	118
4.6.4Futuretargets	118
4.7Conclusion	119
References	119

Chapter5Supercapacitors	123
5.1Introduction	123
5.2Chargestoragemechanismofsupercapacitors	124
5.2.1Electrochemicaldouble-layercapacitors	124
5.2.2Pseudocapacitors	127
5.2.3Hybridcapacitordevices	128
5.3Electrolytes	129
5.3.1Aqueouselectrolytes	131
5.3.2Organicelectrolytes	132
5.3.3Ionic-liquid-basedelectrolytes	135
5.3.4Solid-andquasi-solid-stateelectrolytes	135
5.4ElectrodematerialsforEDLCs	137
5.4.1Carbonmaterialswithdifferent-scaledpores	137
5.4.2Activatedcarbons(ACs)	138
5.4.3Carbonnanotubes(CNTs)	139
5.4.4Graphene-basedelectrodematerials	140
5.4.5Othercarbonstructures	142
5.5Electrodematerialsforpseudocapacitors	143
5.5.1Noblemetaloxides	143
5.5.2Transitionmetaloxidesandhydroxides	145
5.5.3Conductingpolymers(CPs)	146
5.6Hybridcapacitors	149
5.6.1AcidicHCs	149
5.6.2AlkalineHCs	149
5.6.3Lithium-ioncapacitors	150
5.6.4Sodium-ioncapacitors	151
5.7Supercapacitorperformance	153
5.8Applicationsofsupercapacitors	154
References	155

Chapter6Solarcells	159
6.1Introduction	159
6.1.1History	160
6.1.2Classificationofsolarcells	162
6.1.3SomePVparameters	163
6.1.4Principlesofsolarcells	169
6.2Silicon-basedsolarcells	176
6.2.1IntroductiontoSi-basedsolarcells	176
6.2.2Electrodematerials	177
6.2.3Basicprocessingandkeymaterials	178
6.3GaAssolarcells	181
6.3.1HistoryoftheGaAssolarcell	181
6.3.2Comparisonwithsilicon-basedsolarcells	182
6.3.3OtherpropertiesofGaAsmaterials	182
6.3.4PerformanceofGaAssolarcells	183
6.4Dye-sensitizedsolarcells	183
6.4.1Historyofdye-sensitizedsolarcells	184
6.4.2PrincipleofoperationofaDSSC	185
6.4.3Assemblyofdye-sensitizedsolarcells	186
6.4.4MaincomponentsofDSSCs	187
6.5Organic/Polymersolarcells	187
6.5.1Historyofthepolymersolarcell	188
6.5.2Principlesofpolymersolarcells	189
6.5.3Advantagesofpolymersolarcells	189
6.5.4Structureofapolymersolarcell	190
6.5.5Keymaterialsforpolymersolarcells	190
6.5.6Developmentofpolymersolarcells	191
6.6Perovskitesolarcells	192
6.6.1Perovskitesolarcellhistory	192
6.6.2Principlesofperovskitesolarcells	192
6.6.3Keymaterialsforperovskitesolarcells	192
6.7SolarpowerinChina	193
References	193

Chapter7Solar-to-Hydrogen	199
7.1Hydrogenenergy	199
7.2Hydrogenproductionfromsolarradiation	200
7.3Directsolarthermalhydrogengeneration	201
7.4Concentratedsolarthermochemicalhydrogenproduction	203
7.4.1Thermodynamicsofsolarthermochemicalprocesses	203
7.4.2Thermochemicalprocesses	205
7.5Solarphotochemicalhydrogenproduction	209
7.6Photocatalytichydrogenproduction	210
7.6.1Principlesofphotocatalytichydrogengeneration	210
7.6.2Keyphotocatalytichydrogengenerationprocesses	211
7.6.3Evaluatingphotocatalyticwatersplittingsystems	211
7.6.4UVphotocatalystsforwatersplitting	212
7.6.5VisiblelightphotocatalystsforH2production	214
7.6.6Mainchallengesandopportunities	222
7.7Photobiologicalhydrogengeneration	223
7.7.1Biologicalhydrogenproductionprocesses	223
7.7.2Microbiology	227
7.7.3Keyenzymes	227
7.7.4Geneticmodificationofmicroorganisms	228
7.7.5Theoreticalconsiderations	228
7.7.6Energyanalysisandpurificationofhydrogen	229
7.8Solar-hydrogenenergysystems	230
References	231

Chapter8Biomassenergy	234
8.1Introductionofbiomassenergy	234
8.1.1Definitionandfeatures	235
8.1.2Mainresourcecategories	235
8.1.3Conversiontechnologies	236
8.1.4Therisksandrewardsofenergyfrombiomass	237
8.2Biofuelcharacteristics	238
8.3Bioethanol	239
8.3.1Biomassresources	240
8.3.2Detailedprocesstechnology	242
8.4Biodiesel	247
8.4.1Synthesistechnology	248
8.4.2Globalbiodieselstatus	248
8.5Gaseousbiomassenergyproduction	249
8.5.1Biogas	249
8.5.2Biomassgasification	251
8.6Biomasspowergeneration(BPG)	252
8.6.1BPGinChina	253
8.6.2BPGinothercountries	254
8.7Outlook	255
References	256

Chapter9Nuclearenergy	260
9.1Introduction	260
9.2Whatisnuclearenergy	261
9.3Thephysicalbasisofanuclearreactor	263
9.3.1Thenucleusandnuclearenergy	264
9.3.2Radioactivity	265
9.3.3Typesandpatternsofdecay	265
9.3.4Nuclearreactions	266
9.4Nuclearelectricpowergeneration	266
9.5Nuclearreactortypesandrawmaterials	269
9.5.1Nuclearreactorclassification	269
9.5.2Pressurizedwaterreactor	270
9.5.3Boilingwaterreactor	270
9.5.4Heavywaterreactor	271
9.5.5Graphitereactor	271
9.6Powergenerationprinciples	272
9.6.1Advantages	274
9.6.2Disadvantages	274
9.7Nuclearresources	275
9.7.1Marinenuclearresources	275
9.7.2Thenuclearresourcesofthemoon	276
9.8Nuclearsafety	276
9.9NuclearenergydevelopmentinChina	278
References	281

Chapter10Otherenergy	285
10.1Introduction	285
10.2Windenergy	286
10.2.1Developmentofwindenergy	286
10.2.2Utilizationofwindenergy	290
10.2.3Windturbines	292
10.2.4Theglobalwindenergysituation	294
10.3Geothermalenergy	297
10.3.1Historyofgeothermalenergy	298
10.3.2Typesofgeothermalenergy	299
10.3.3Resources	300
10.3.4Applicationscenariosofgeothermalenergy	301
10.3.5Challengesofgeothermalenergy	302
10.4Marineenergy	303
10.4.1Characteristicsofmarineenergy	304
10.4.2Formsofmarineenergy	305
10.4.3Usepatternsforelectricitygeneration	306
10.4.4Installedcapacityofoceanenergy	307
10.4.5Challengesofoceanenergy	308
10.4.6Prospectforecastofoceanenergy	309
10.5Conclusion	310
References	310

Index	313

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